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 Development History

 
DEVELOPMENT HISTORY

ACHIEVEMENTS OF IMPROVEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OF

DONG NAI DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (2003-2015)

TO WELCOME THE 40TH ANNIVERSARY OF LIBERATION OF SOUTHERN VIETNAM & NATIONAL REUNIFICATION (1975-2015)


 
I. Improvement and development (2003-2015):

In July, 2003, according to the Joint Circular no.​​15/2005/TTLT-BKHCN-BNV of Ministry of Science and Technology and Ministry of Internal Affairs, Dong Nai Department of Science and Technology (DOST) was newly established on the basis of having its State management function of environment, a strong point with great potential which was invested in and transferred to another unit. Then, DOST had only more than 30 officials left.

Despite having to confront a lot of real challenges in this new stage, DOST was quick enough to have its new machinery re-built and re-arranged to create a stronger structure thanks to the determination of its officials and its right choice for the direction of science and technology development in a new period.

To carry out the 8th tenure Central Government Resolution no. 2 on science and technology, the key strategies and tasks of this period were identified as follows:

- Focus on investing in and developing the science and technology potential in two preferential areas: agricultural development and administrative reform towards an e-government;

- Identify 3 key programs including information technology, biotechnology, and human resources development and training.

- Innovate the management of science and technology towards the cancellation of the “ask – give” mechanism; mobilize the resources of sectors and levels of authorities into application research to promote the efficiency of science and technology programs; study the implementation of a number of scientific and technological products with a high content in the grey matter and with competitiveness and commercialization to contribute to creating a science and technology market and simultaneously a premise for cooperation ties and science and technology integration regionally and globally.

- Develop influential programs to create an impact to mobilize social resources into science and technology activities to create both a motive force and an overall strength to develop science and technology and make positive contributions to promoting the province’s industrialization and modernization.

Implementing the strategy for science and technology development after 10 years of transformation along with the determination and efforts of all the officials and civil servants of DOST, science and technology activities have made significant contributions to Dong Nai’s socio-economic development.

1. Training and attracting science and technology human resources

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For each locality’s human resources, especially high-level human resources, the country plays an important role in promoting socio-economic development. Experience shows that if many countries without abundant mineral resources know to how to focus on investing in and developing human resources reasonably, they will help their country thrive in science and technology with the industries of manufacturing, electronics, information technology, and advanced heavy industries and raise their GDP per capita to a higher level than that of the countries with a large population and abundant natural resources but a low-quality human resource.

In order to build up a team of science and technology officials that are working in the province's political system, especially the force of the key managers in the sectors, who learn and study in a favorable environment and are capable of improving their abilities to gain an access to the world’s experience and latest research and become the leading officials and experts of sectors, DOST has given the provincial People’s Committee advice on human resources development. As a result, in 2005 the provincial People's Council issued the Resolution no.51/2005/NQ-HDND on the human resources development project for socio-economic development in the 2006-2010 period and vision to 2020. Accordingly, DOST was assigned as the head of the Programme 2 (the postgraduate education program) and and Programme 6 (the training program of computer science, foreign languages, and foreign affairs knowledge for the key officials and for the interpreters. After a period to cooperate with the Department of Internal Affairs and concerned departments and sectors, the results are as follows:

1.1. Postgraduate education program

The program started from 2007 to 2012 with the following results:

+ The implementation results in 2006-2010 period

412 applicants for the program were accepted, including 356 others that are still in the program.

- 348 learners have graduated and are working in their positions effectively.

- 8 learners are still doing their Ph.D.

Education  program

Ph.D

Master

Specialty I

Specialty II

Total

Quantity

%

Natural Science

 

61

 

 

61

18

Educational Science

 

60

 

 

60

17.2

Medicine Science

1

4

73

41

119

34.2

Agricultural Science

 

10

 

 

10

3

Legal Science

 

4

 

 

4

1.1

Social Science & Humanity

1

8

 

 

9

2.6

Economics - Management

1

22

 

 

23

6.6

Science & Technology

1

61

 

 

62

17.8

Total

4

230

73

41

348

100


 

The age structure for graduate learners:

• 75 learners over 40 (21.5%).

• 135 learners between 30 and 40 (38.8%).

• 138 learners under 30 (39.6%).

 

Gender structure:

- 215 male learners and 133 female learners.

+ The results of approving the applicants for the postgraduate program in 2011-2015 period:

Over its years’ implementation, the program has selected 1,169 candidates (including 352 females) into the program, reaching 127.1% as planned. In particular, some individuals have completed and exceeded plans in 2011-2015 period as follows:

- Doctoral education accounts for 235.71%;

- Master education accounts for 145.7% (masters from domestic programs make up 151.38%, and masters from associate programs make up 103.33%).

There are still difficulties in enrolling some types of students:

- Overseas master education reaches only 45% due to the fact that students’ language skills fail to meet requirements;

- Specialty II doctor training reaches 30.56% compared to the target set for all the period. Every year, the Steering Committee for the Postgraduate Education Program reports to the provincial Party Committee and People’s Committee on this issue and the provincial Party Committee and People’s Committee give some directions but things have not changed due to the fact that nobody in the health sector has registered for Specialty II doctor training program.

Among the applicants for the Postgraduate Education Program, there are 352 female learners, accounting for 30.1%.

494/1,169 learners at youth age, accounting for 42.25%; 521 others at middle age, accounting for 44.5%; and those at the age of over 40, accounting for 13.17% have been sent to postgraduate education programs.

 

Education program

Masters

Specialty I

Ph.D

Spcialty II

Preparatory human resources

Total

Quantity

Structure

Natural Science

223

 

8

 

2

233

19,93%

Science & Technology

140

 

8

 

3

151

12,93%

Educational Science

294

 

23

 

 

317

27,11%

Medicine Science

25

136

5

17

1

184

15,73%

Agricultural Science

53

 

2

 

 

55

4,70%

Legal Science

87

 

7

 

 

94

8,05%

Social Science & Humanity

30

 

9

 

 

39

3,33%

Economics- Management

80

 

7

 

1

88

7,54%

Military Science

7

 

1

 

 

8

0.68%

Total

939

136

70

17

7

1.169

 

 

The age structure for graduate learners:

 • 77 learners over 40 (25.85%).

• 171 learners between 30 and 40 (57.38%).

• 50 learners under 30 (16.77%).

 Gender structure:

 

There are 159 male learners and 139 female learners.

Every year, before the Lunar New Year DOST holds the “Science and Technology Festival”, the get-together for the program’s learners is one of the events of the festival with the aim of assessing and reviewing the program throughout the year, thereby having exchanges and sharing experience as well as honoring and rewarding the learners with great achievements in their learning process.

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The provincial leadership attended the ceremony and awarded certificates of merit to those with outstanding academic results

1.2. Science and technology talent training program

 

Together with the postgraduate education program, the informatics and foreign language refresher program for the key officials and interpreter training (Program 6) was implemented from 2007 to 2015. At first, 810 officials registered for the program; however, during the training process 214 learners studied by themselves to improve their knowledge as required; the rest of 596 learners have been trained, fostered and awarded level-A and level-B computer certificates by DOST.

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A ceremony was held to award B-level computer certificates to key officials

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The results of giving level B computer knowledge training to key officials

Implementing the program of “Nurture talents” within the talent fostering and training project for Dong Nai’s socio-economic development in the period of 2010-2015-2020, every year DOST, the provincial Children's House, and Department of Education and Training jointly organize robot contests for teenagers. The program has created a useful playground to arouse students’ passion of creativity and sought for teenagers’ robot-related talents and skills.

As a result, 9 robot contests have been held including “Catch and put the crabs into a basket” in 2009; “Kick balls” in 2010, “Robots build a wall” in 2011, and “Robot creativity” in 2012; “Robot family” in 2013; and “Robot creativity” in 2014. After each contest, the two best robots will be chosen to compete in the annual national robot contest for teenagers. In 2011, a special prize was won at the national robot contest. Especially, in 2014 the robot team of Lac Hong University won the championship title at the ABU Asia-Pacific Robot Contest.

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With the targets in 2011-2015 period, the Program will focus on training and developing high-quality human resources, forming a force of the leading specialists in the spearhead fields which the province has a shortage of human resources such as biotechnology, informatics, telecommunications, health and new materials, and so on. It is expected that by 2015 the province will educate about 500 masters and doctors in various fields to meet the demand for human resources for the province’s socio-economic development and to contribute transforming Dong Nai into a basically industrialized and modernized province the same as what is set in the Resolution of the 9th Congress of the Party Committee of Dong Nai province in 2010-2015 term.

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2. Building technical facilities

2.1. Build DOST’s new office building in Dong Nai and its branch in Ho Chi Minh city.

Dong Nai is a province with a developed industry. Therefore, as DOST was still the Department of Science, Technology, and Environment, it focused investment resources on the environmental management in the context of the industrial development facing a lot of weaknesses in environmental protection. This was a major impact on the ideology of the civil servants when the new Department of Science and Technology was established on the basis of separating its State management function of environment, a strong point with a great potential that had to be transferred according to the Joint Circular no.​​15/2005/TTLT-BKHCN-BNV of the Ministries of Science and Technology and Internal Affairs dated July 15, 2003. The total number of civil servants was cut down from 64 to 34 people with an average age over 45.

Despite facing backward potentials and pessimistic thoughts in this period, thanks to the direction and encouragement of the provincial Party Committee and People's Committee, the deep interest of the Ministry of Science and Technology, especially the determination of all its officials in the strategy, tactics, and selection of the right direction, breakthroughs have been made in the development and promotion of the science and technology potentials that meet the requirements in a new era.

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After nearly 5 years, the new head office building was constructed and officially put into operation on April 29, 2008

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The total number of DOST's officials and civil servants increased from 34 in 2003 to 256 at present

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The representative office of DOST in Ho Chi Minh city was built and officially put into operation on May 20, 2009 at 277 – 279, Nguyen Thien Thuat street, ward 1, district 3, Ho Chi Minh city.

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Simultaneously, I-Office (N-E-M-I) was constructed. It was an advanced tool applying information technology to management and administration, satisfying the requirements for ISO 9001:2000 standard for the online-based quality management method in 2005 and DOST became the only unit in the country to be certified then.

2.2. Construction of the Center for Biotechnology Application in Cam My district: A key breakthrough in high-tech application

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The map for the Dong Nai Biotechnology Application Center

The Dong Nai Center for Biotechnology Application at DOST was established by the provincial People’s Committee in 2008. The Center’s task is to apply and bring biotechnology achievements into the reality in the fields of agriculture, health, and environment.

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The ground breaking ceremony for the Dong Nai Biotechnology Application Center

The Center is located on a planned area of ​​207.8 hectares in hamlet 2, Xuan Duong commune, Cam My district. In July, 2010, the Center was announced to go into official operation and its infrastructure such as road links, power grid, water supply, and so on for biotechnology research was built.

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Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung paid a working visit to the Center for Biotechnology Application in Cam My district

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Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Cao Duc Phat paid a working visit to the Center for Biotechnology Application in Cam My district

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The delegation of the Central Theory Council paid a working visit to the Center for Biotechnology Application in Cam My district

Thanks to the interest of the provincial Party Committee and People's Committee and the close direction of the director of DOST, the infrastructure investment projects in the short term like road links, power grid, 5 industrial wells, a water pumping station management center, a 200-cubic-meter water storage basin, and a 24-meter-high water tower with a capacity of 60 cubic meters for the themes and projects, and the investors in the Center were completed and put into use.

The Center with its current infrastructure has attracted five high-tech enterprises specializing in biotechnology to invest in 50 hectares: Viet Agriculture Co., Ltd has leased 20 hectares for the project of “Center for Plant Variety Research”; Thien Dia Nhan Joint Stock Company ​​4.5 hectares for the project of “Grow and conserve herb plants”; Green Agricutlure Technology Development Co., Ltd 20 hectares for the project of “Grow safety vegetables for exports”.

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A simulation model of the office – factory - laboratory complex of the Viet Agriculture Co., Ltd

In addition, the Center has a human resource of 26 officials and civil servants including 12 masters, 1 postgraduate student, and 7 post graduates. This official force is a nucleus to connect with schools, institutions, and enterprises: University of Agriculture and Forestry of Ho Chi Minh City, University of Natural Sciences, Ho Chi Minh City Center of Biotechnology, Ho Chi Minh City High-Tech Park, the East Region Fruit Plant Center, and so on to conduct the models applying biotechnology to agriculture such as catch-cropping mango plants in rambutan orchards; apply collective techniques to developing avocado plants; catch-crop durian plants in mangosteen orchards; chains to produce and process cocoa products; and the high-tech application model for dragon fruit plants.

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A pilot production model for Monaka orchids

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A net melon production model in net houses

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The model to plant pepper and mangosteen with rubber trees

In the future, the Center will keep performing the following tasks:

- Promote the establishment of the biotechnology high-tech park on the basis of the Center for Biotechnology Applications in parallel with a completely-invested infrastructure.

- Attract high-tech enterprises specializing in biotechnology to invest in and universities and research institutes to conduct their themes and projects in the Center.

- Continue training and attracting the human resources specializing in biotechnology, medicine, and agriculture.

2.3. Construction of the Measurement and Calibration Center in Nhon Trach: energy needed to accelerate the aircraft of Dong Nai’s science and technology

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Dong Nai has an important position in the key southern economic region with its potential - Bien Hoa Industrial Zone 1 built in 1961 and the Party and the State’s open-door policy to attract investment, so it has been a leading province regarding the number of centralized industrial zones, has rapidly shifted in economic structure and developed services infrastructure. Since then, the Department of Science, Technology, and Environment played a strong role in the country with a heavy investment including the United Nations Development Progam (UNDP) project financing human resources and modern equipment to serve environmental management activities.

In the process of international economic integration and admission to WTO, the government has adjusted and streamlined the administrative machinery, including a merger between Environment and Cadastre to establish the Natural Resources and Environment. Meanwhile, only functions and tasks were transferred in some localities. However, all human resources and science equipment in the field of environment including the laboratory of Bureau of Quality, Measurement, and Standards were transferred in Dong Nai.

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Facing a shortage of human resources, facilities and the specific mechanisms of the science and technology sector, DOST’s leadership’s great concern is to seek for directions due to the mathematical problem of very few facts and too many unknown things. Those hard times contributed to creating breakthroughs through the image of the aircraft of science and technology. The hardest and most dangerous time was the take-off period and the Nhon Trach Center for Measurement and Calibration is one of the energy sources to accelerate.

The rapid development of the enterprises’ production level has increased the difference in level and the equipment of measurement and test, exerting a great impact on the investment attracting environment as well as the evaluation of product and goods quality in business and production activities and exports. Thanks to the survey results of the reality in some key provinces, DOST has identified the objectives to establish the Center for Measurement and Calibration as a key startup step for the investment in the province’s science and technology potentials.

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The Center for Measurement and Calibration is located on an area of ​​7,000 square meters in Hiep Phuoc commune, Nhon Trach district - the new industrial city, a good location close to Highway 51 that connects Bien Hoa and Vung Tau; Road 25B that connects Long Thanh and Nhon Trach; the Ho Chi Minh - Long Thanh - Dau Giay Expressway; and Long Thanh International Airport. In addition, the Center is located along the transport links and the ports along the Dong Nai river. All those factors contribute to helping the Center promote its investment potentials.

The Center for Measurement and Calibration was built at a cost of more than VND50 billion including construction categories and state-of-the-arts and synchronized facilities in 7 measurement fields and 10 testing fields. After being put into operation, the Center will combine itself with its existing capacity including 21 testing fields recognized by the General Department of Measurement and Calibration and 4 VILAS and LAS-based calibration fields with 29 targets. Also, the Center will gather all its available activities: energy auditing, technical safety calibration, nuclear radiation safety assessment to help itself operate fully and comprehensively and meet most the requirements for production, distribution, and circulation to serve the database on the local State management and the whole Southeast region.

The Center for Measurement and Calibration is a favorable environment for young scientist forces to promote and show their own abilities and to create a working, learning, and researching environment of science. This environment will be a meeting point to affiliate with the regional universities in order that students have a chance to associate theory with practice and the school and the society. Moreover, it is a basis to improve the qualification of the center’s staff, not only 2 postgraduate students, 5 masters, and 11 technological postgraduates but also a breakthrough in the coming years.

The operation of the Center for Measurement and Calibration is to contribute to promoting the provinces’ potentials of science and technology, attracting the young workforce to build the new city of Nhon Trach, and creating a sustainable development in the socialist market-oriented economy.

3. Information technology takes one step ahead for agriculture, rural areas, and administrative reform towards e-government:

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Information technology is affirmed to be the century technology sector and an indispensable belonging in the 21st century. One of six breakthrough projects in the national key information communications technology program: “Bringing the Internet and computer to countryside: develop broadband Internet access, provide services, and expand communal culture post office network”. This shows that the Party and the State have identified bringing information technology to rural areas a key task in the IT development strategy as well as in rural economic development.

Dong Nai is a province in the Southeast region located in the southern key economic zone. It is also the province with a high industrial growth rate and with over 70 percent of the population relying on agriculture. In recognition of this, in 2003 DOST determined the investment in creating science and technology potentials, including investing in information technology one step ahead, and considered it as a strategy to develop science and technology for agriculture, countryside, and administrative reform towards an e-government and create a foundation for the sustainable development of economic, cultural, and political fields to aim at making Dong Nai a basically industrialized and modernized province by 2015, which is set in the resolution that the 9th provincial Party Congress in 2010-2015 period.

3.1. The journey to “bring science and technology to home to help farmers not have to go too far”

To help farmers apply science and technology achievements and advancements to the reality of production and life soon, DOST has been quick enough to develop synchronized resources through the implementation of IT programs and projects from 2003 to now, and stick to the motto of “ bring science and technology to home to help farmers not have to go too far”.

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- Level A computer universalization program for communal officials

The program started in 2006. The program aims at providing basic Level A computer knowledge for communal and hamlet officials with the State’s funding for 50 officials, civil servants, and employees within the political system in communes and hamlets. The highlight of this program is:

- The State does not invest in machinery and equipment but mobilizes them from such various sources as hiring them from vocational education centers, secondary schools, and so on; 

- Open training classes in communes or in communal clusters to help learners not to have to go too far;

- Teachers perform 3 in 1 functions: teaching and managing students, and managing facilities. Teachers have meals, live, and get involved in activities in the commune to get ready to help students if necessary;

- The training unit and the organizational unit hold exams and grant certificates independently;

- The students that attend classes must pay tuition fee. If they pass the exam after four months, all their tuition fees will be covered (VND600.000 per student).

The level A computer skill universalization program has met the expectations of the senior communal and hamlet officials and civil servants, who seem to be unable to learn computer skills due to the fact that they are afraid of going to computer centers to learn computer skills together with younger age learners. Thanks to the teacher’s devotion, not caring about difficulties to eat and live with the commune’s collectives and enthusiasm to teach the senior learners that did not have a chance to learn due to wartime and lack of learning conditions, this learning model has gradually removed all senior learners’ fears about their age.

For the leadership of the local authorities, the program has made contributions to the administrative reform, initiated the movement to attempt to learn among senior and junior officials, and dealt with the obstacle of time and traveling costs concerning having officials participate in the program. .

The program ended in 2010. As a result, 7,007 officials were trained, meeting the standard for the level A computer skills in the whole province.

- Establishment of science and technology information points.

The program started in late 2003. The main content of the program is to develop the science and technology information points at the Centers for Culture, Sports, and Community Learning in the communes and wards in the province. The target is that the science and technology information points will be established in 100 percent of communes and wards by 2013. Results show that up to now 95 science and technology information points have been established in the province (there are 171 communes and wards throughout the province). Each point of science and technology information will be equipped with the following device:

- 2 sets of computers, 1 printer, 1 digital camera, computer desks, desks and chairs, disk cabinets, newsletters, and magazines;

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- The resources of science and technology information are integrated in the computers at the information points including a database of 60,000 full-text rural technologies, a database of 40,000 common science and technology questions and answers; a database of 4,000 rural science and technology films; a special theme database of 200 questions and answers on crop pests and how to use pesticides; a special theme database of 21 fruit trees with an advantage of competitiveness and exports; and a database of 150 science and technology consultants.

In addition to the database in communes, DOST has built a centralized data integration center for the communes without science and technology information points so that that can access and search for information. To ensure the information provided by DOST and that collected from communes and hamlets, collecting, processing, and editing films and science materials from the television channels nationwide are done every week to get and supply new films for science and technology information points as well as to have databases updated for the development of information resources.

Particularly, the above database will be built and integrated into a program under the brand name “A database of 100,000 science and technology questions and answers of Dong Nai”, a rich database of science and technology that can be provided for both science and technology information points and farmers, and secondary schools and high schools to help with their learning and teaching. The database of 100,000 science and technology questions and answers won the first prize at the Dong Nai Science and Technology Creativeness Award 2006 and the Sao Khue Award 2009 prize. The database has been transferred to more than 10 units outside the province. 

This can be said as the top database of science and technology today for agricultural production and rural life not only for Dong Nai, but also for the other provinces in the country.

- Each information point is equipped with a website within the Dong Nai Science and Technology portal with the information on socio-economy, market prices, weather, diseases, and experience and application in production and life that are frequently updated to help farmers to fully grasp information to take the initiative to prevent pests, develop crops and domestic animals, change the farming style towards applying science and technology advancements to increase productivity and meet quality requirements.

The program has brought out efficiency in raising the rural people’s awareness of database as well as science and technology application. People are no longer unfamiliar with science and technology database and information. In addition to having the information on the Party’s guidelines and policies and the State’s laws announced and disseminated, agricultural products and farmer’s brand names are advertised, promoted, and marketed widely on the Internet.

- Developing a management information network of science and technology of the State from the province to districts, Long Khanh town, and Bien Hoa city

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The general concept among people is “Nothing ventures, nothing gains” but it is necessary to apply database for a strong development in all aspects of economic life. Talking about the impact of the database on the entire socio-economy at the Congress to implement the 10th tenure Central Resolution no. 4, Deputy Prime Minister Hoang Trung Hai stressed: “If the community, businesses, and people have not been aware of “nothing ventures, nothing gains”, the objectives to develop a database as the infrastructure of all the infrastructure will be out of our reach”.

With the three key focuses of information technology, biotechnology, and human resource training, and thanks to DOST leadership’s talent and determination, and the creativeness and enthusiasm of DOST’s officials and civil servants, the past ten years has been a period in which Dong Nai’s Science and Technology has made breakthrough progress and achieved a lot of great success. Dong Nai’s Science and Technology has become a typical example of the country’s Science and Technology with a breakthrough vision and steps to contribute to creating the well-known products in both home and abroad.

At the workshop to deploy Dong Nai’s science and technology tasks in 2009 , Mr. Bui Van Quyen, Head of the South Region Representative Office of the Ministry of Science and Technology, the representative of the Ministry attended the workshop and highly appreciated the achievements that DOST has obtained. Also at the workshop, the representative of the Ministry’s leadership asked DOST to focus on implementing a series of key tasks. Two of them are as follows:

- Establish, update, and improve the information systems for the direction, administration, and management of the State agencies; and provide information and online pubic administrative services for people and businesses.

- Improve capacity and develop IT products and services; and enhance the possibility to apply information technology in social life activities.

To perform the above tasks, receiving the agreement upon the policy of the levels of the leadership in the province and the consensus and support of the leadership of districts, townships, and cities in the province DOST has developed “the State management information network of science and technology between DOST and districts, Long Khanh town, and Bien Hoa city”. The program is conducted within the roadmap to build, upgrade, and improve the information systems for the direction, administration, and management of the state agencies; to improve the efficiency of the State management of the science and technology in districts, townships, and cities towards safety, efficiency, accuracy, punctuality, and promptness to contribute to accelerating the administrative reform.

In addition to the implementation of the above information network, DOST has collaborated with the People's Committees of districts, Long Khanh town, and Bien Hoa city in enhancing the establishment and the promotion of the image of localities that are integrated on the portal of DOST.

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The information network has initially provided and installed the device and brought the Internet to 11 administrative units at district, town, and city levels in the province (Bridges are installed in the Offices of Economics and Economics - Infrastructure under the management of the officials of the offices). This system has widely established a network of science and technology information to meet the requirements for a two-way information sharing between DOST and districts, Long Khanh town, and Bien Hoa city; a network of science and technology information management and supply at provincial to district and communal levels (via the system of science and technology information points that are being and has been brought to every commune and ward).

The information and data of science and technology that is being managed at the data center of DOST have met the actual information needs from the province to districts, communes, and wards and to hamlets and villages in the future. At the same time, the program has trained and transferred and applied information technology to 11 district units across the province.

Through this system, the information in the field of the State’s science and technology management, and scientific and technological achievements and advancements that suit districts and townships; and the typical effective models of science and technology that can be quickly applied to production and life are collected, selected, and classified to be used based on the socio-economic characteristics of each locality and provided for the locality’s socio-economic development timely, appropriately, fully, and accurately.

- Bringing broadband services to rural areas (VSAT - IP)

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The target of the program is to ensure that 100 percent of the Centers for Culture, Sports, and Community Learning across the province have gained an access to the broadband Internet.

DOST has applied VSAT-IP technology to bring broadband services to far-flung areas where ADSL services are either unavailable or available but ineffective. Results show that up to now 100 percent of communes have accessed to the broadband Internet. In addition, applying VSAT - IP meets the needs of the eco-tourism parks, the research projects in the Nam Cat Tien forest, the agricultural product trading stations, and the Internet services business households, and so on.

The program carries a political and economic meaning, bringing the benefits to the whole community to ensure the rights of enjoyment, especially those of the rural residents towards the Internet exploitation and access: farmers seek for information on production and life; teachers seek for information on teaching; students seek for information on learning, research, entertainment. The officials and civil servants in communes and hamlets have conditions to improve their knowledge of information technology concerning the administrative reform and the e-government targets. Particularly, it will be convenient for the major agencies in the communal political system to study and fully grasp the implementation of the Party’s resolutions under the forms of online television and conferences.

3.2 Information Technology for the administrative reform towards the e-government

- The level A and B computer skill training program for the key officials:

The computer skill training program for the key officials of the human resource development project led by DOST and the Department of Internal Affairs, and the concerned sectors in the province has been implemented since 2007. The program aims at training and improving the IT development strategy and training the skills to use office computer programs and appropriate professional software under the guidance.

The highlights of the computer training programs for the key officials are:

- The students that are the key officials at the provincial and district levels are supposed to receive the province’s interest and assistance;

- Ensure good facilities and a selective teaching staff;

- The training unit and the organizational unit grant certificates independently;

- The students that are taking courses are exempt from tuition fees and get an allowance of VND20,000 per lesson;

- The class for the key officials at the provincial level in Lac Hong University, and the class for the key officials at the district level in the vocational training centers in districts have facilitated students’ travelling;

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The program trained 184 key officials with level A computer skills from 2007 to 2009 and 412 others with level B computer skills from 2010 to 20111.

- Electronic Office (N, E, M, I).

a) History and development:

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Owing to the practical needs of the State management and administration of the scientific and technological activities, it is essentially necessary for DOST to study and apply information technology to design an electronic office (N, E, M, I).

The E-Office (N, E, M, I) is oriented to be designed through four phases: Network Office (N - office), Electronic Office (E-office); Mobile Office (M - office), and Intelligent Office (I - office) with the three following tasks:

- Build a quality management system according to ISO 9001:2008 standard with the scope of application: make plans, programs, and research themes to carry out and evaluate implementation; evaluate business eligibility; approve of the contracts of technology transfer and technology assessment; manage standards, measurement, and quality; license X - ray use in health diagnosis; conduct an inspection of science and technology; settle complaints and denunciations in the field of operation and management of DOST. Simultaneously, DOST has confirmed the application of all the terms of the quality management system ISO 9001:2000. Based on the scope of application and functions of the divisions in DOST, it has developed and applied 21 procedures and processes to the appropriate and specific activities in each division.

- Apply a multimedia system to carry out information technology application programs of management towards making the quality management system the Online ISO management system: the science and technology e-portal on the Internet; and manage the mobile office; projects and scientific research themes; database platform and database of environment and technology based on the geographic information system (GIS); brand names; inspection activities; complaints and denunciations; financial and accounting activities; the information of scientists; legal documents; science and technology journals and newsletters; human resources; rural science and technology database; and the databases of businesses’ technology abilities; build an online registration program about administrative services supply; and build the programs to observe, monitor, and chair a conference, and give distant orders.

- Train and re-train the officials and civil servants to be adaptable to the e - work style and the e - lifestyle in order to achieve the goals of the online ISO-based quality management system.

b) Utility and efficiency:

- The State’s administration information must be provided promptly and accurately. The management information is like the nervous system of its management system and has an impact on all the stages of the management process. Therefore, building the State management information system is to contribute to improving the efficiency of the State’s administrative agencies.

- Standardize information and the professional working process to reduce time and save costs during the operation process.

- Save paper and ink in the process of having documents printed and photocopied to reduce time to deal with work and improve productivity and efficiency.

- Reduce meeting and conference time by exchanging online ideas and having online review meetings.

- Ensure that prompt and full information goes to the hands of officials and civil servants.

- Developing an international standard data integration center:

The data center developed by DOST has met the international standard TIA - 942 (TIA: Telecommunications Industry Association) in terms of data integration centers and satisfied the requirements for ISO – IEC 27001:2005 based on information security with the technology capability and qualified manpower to supply the value-added services on the Internet, to meet not only the high demand for hosting, storage, and backup of e-portals and the province’s information systems but also the demand of the agencies and enterprises outside the province to operate stably and effectively. This is the only center in the science and technology sector to supply the value-added services on the Internet.

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- Putting forward solutions for ensuring safety and information security

In the field of information security, it is necessary to focus on studying products and solutions to ensure safety and information security in the electronic transactions of the agencies in the political and administrative system. The products and solutions in this field have won a lot of national and international awards and have beeen effectively applied in reality. Particularly, Dong Nai provincial Party Committee has used Non-Standard Special Provisions (NSSP) to ensure the safety of the information system of the provincial Executive Party Committee. In 2009, DOST was awarded the ISO/IEC 27001:2005 certificate for its information security management system by DAS (The United Kingdom) and has become the State’s first and only management agency in Vietnam to be awarded the certificate of the international standard information security management system.

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4. Innovating science and technology management mechanism

Promote the science and technology management mechanism towards removing the “ask and give” mechanism and implement the target programs to select the themes and projects that are associated with the reality in production and life; do research into some science and technology products with a high content of grey matter, competitiveness and commercialization to contribute to creating a science and technology market and being the premise for cooperative relations and regional and global science and technology integration.

- Innovating the management of the deployment of science and technology themes and projects:

The science and technology themes and projects that are reviewed and selected are based on Dong Nai’s targets and tasks set in the development strategy - focusing on investment to develop science and technology potentials in two priority areas: developing agriculture and implementing administrative reform towards an e-government; identifying the three key programs including information technology, biotechnology, and training and developing human resources.

Besides focusing on the in-depth development for the above 2 priority areas and 3 key programs, to develop them broadly it is necessary to build the programs to create an impact on the mobilization of the social resources into scientific and technological activities to have both motivation and strength to develop science and technology to make a positive contribution to promoting the province’s industrialization and modernization process.

Based on the above development strategy, every year in the first quarter DOST invites departments, committees, sectors, research institutes, universities, and scientists to 11 districts to organize science and technology workshops that help identify the needs and tasks of science and technology and to put forward solutions for supporting sectors and localities. These annual workshops make research institutes, universities, and scientists fully aware of the needs of the sectors and localities as well as make sectors and localities fully aware of the achievements and research capacity of the research institutes, universities, and scientists. On the basis of a demand-supply relation, research institutes, universities, and scientists can help the sectors and localities make the proposals of science and technology tasks that suit the reality in each locality.

Based on the proposals of the sectors and localities, themes and projects will be reviewed through 3 steps:

- Step 1: In the second quarter, the Advisory Council will determine the list to be reviewed to determine the list to keep performing step 2 and make proposals to levels of management: the State, provinces, sectors or districts.

- Step 2: Based on the reviewed results, the Advisory Council will determine the list and the theme or project leader will build a description of themes or projects and submit it to the Advisory Council to have the themes and projects at the provincial or sectoral levels evaluated. The Advisory Council to evaluate themes and projects follows the 3.3 model including the scientists in Dong Nai and in the two major science centers in Ho Chi Minh city and Hanoi capital city (3 members from Dong Nai, 3 others from Ho Chi Minh city, and 3 others from Hanoi)

- Step 3: Based on the review results of the Advisory Council to evaluate themes and projects, in the fourth quarter the Science and Technology Council at the provincial, sectoral, or district levels will take into the last consideration before submitting it to the provincial People's Committee, People's Committees of districts, or the Director of the Department to announce an implementation decision. The provincial People's Committee, People's Committees of districts, or the Director of the Department have sufficient information of the review steps when taking into consideration and after they announce an implementation decision a contract might be signed to carry out within the first year of the plan.

The themes and projects at the provincial level will be fully funded by DOST’s budget; the themes and projects at district level will be 50 percent funded by DOST’s budget and the other half comes from the district’s budget; the themes and projects at the sectoral level will be 70 percent funded by DOST’s budget and the remaining 30 percent comes from the sector’s budget;

Innovating the management of the deployment of the science and technology themes and projects in a transparent and open manner without the “ask – give” mechanism has had an impact on the selection of themes and projects to associate research with the reality of production and life, improve the review quality and assessment results of the scientific research projects and mobilize more resources inside and outside the province to implement the province’s target programs.

As a result, innovation has created 185 themes and projects since 2003. Up to now, all the themes have had their particular application addresses and been close to the reality of sectors and localities. A lot of new technological advancements in the process of intensive farming, models, plant varieties, animal breeds, and plant protection have proved a comparative advantage and economic value. Thus, they have been applied effectively to increase productivity and quality, to meet the real needs of production and contribute to restructuring crops and creating a special job in the locality towards a commodity economy associated with markets to help increase farmers’ income.

- Innovating the operations of the State’s management machinery of science and technology in localities:

As from July 15, 2003, following the Joint Circular no.​​15/2005/TTLT-BKHCN-BNV of the Ministries of Science and Technology and Internal Affairs, the new Department of Science and Technology was established on the basis of having its State management function of environment separated. The total number of officials and civil servants went down from 64 to 36 with the average age of over 45.

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To date, the Department’s organization and machinery have grown strongly with 7 functional divisions (Office, Planning and Finance, Science Administration, Technology Management, Intellectual Property, Basic Sci-Tech Administration, Department’s Inspectorate) and established the units under DOST to carry out the public tasks and the public services of science and technology as well as to be the factor to form up organizations and services of science and technology to actively engage in the province’s scientific and technological activities including Center for Informatics and Science and Technology Information, Center for Application of Science and Technology Advancements, Biotechnology Application Center, Software Development Center, Department of Standards, Metrology, and Quality, Project Management Board, and the specialized divisions like Energy Efficiency Office, Office of Notice and FAQs of Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), Office of Association of Protecting Consumers' Interests.

A new feature of the Department’s organization and machinery is its investment into the office building in Ho Chi Minh City (Office 2) to attract the human resources of science and technology in Ho Chi Minh City to work for Dong Nai and its establishment of the Basic Sci-Tech Administration Division with 13 officials: 2 working at the Department and 11 others working at the Office of Economics/ Economic Infrastructure. The recruitment of a district’s officials must meet the requirements for a long-term residence in the district where he/she will work in addition to professional requirements.

The officials of the Basic Sci-Tech Administration Division working in the districts under the Department’s professional guidance receive the pay from the Department and enjoy such preferential policies as laptops, travelling costs, business trip costs, and so on. The People's Committees of the districts are responsible to manage these officials in terms of the activities of the Party, youth unions, and labor unions, and local daily activities, as well as supply tables, chairs, and other necessary equipment for their professional work, and propose rewards and punishment for officials.

The Department’s officials working in districts are responsible to report to the Department via I-Office to promptly deal with the challenges and obstacles, and attend the briefing meeting every Monday of the first week of every month with the leadership of the Department and its chiefs. In addition, these officials get trained under the method of “take hands to show how to work”. 

These officials play the role in making proposals and carrying out the programs of science and technology to get the Party Committee and People's Committee of the districts to pay attention to directing and calling for the forces of the districts’ committees and sectors to get involved in the program as well as to be a hyphen for a smooth information system of science and technology from the province to districts and communes after the completion of the construction of the science and technology information points at the Centers for Culture, Sports, and Community Learning of all the communes.

5. The stimulus programs to bring about the effects for the activities of science and technology:

+ Techmart;

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Since 2003, the activities of science and technology have begun to focus on assisting with the agriculture and the rural life. The model of “The rural Techmart in districts” is one of the activities. In 2003, the then Techmart called the Agriculture Machinery Market in Long Khanh town was held for the first time to help the people gain an access to technology and the equipment, which was mainly the agricultural machinery for rural and agricultural mechanization. In the following years, it was held in the form of a technology, equipment, and trade market: in Tan Phu district in 2004, in Xuan Loc district in 2005, in Long Thanh district in 2006, in Dinh Quan district in 2007, in Cam My district in 2008, in Long Khanh town in 2009, and it was called the Key Southern Economic Region Trade Techmart that was co-organized by the Department of Science and Technology of Ho Chi Minh City and Dong Nai Department of Science and Technology in Dong Nai in 2010. Over its eight times of organization, Techmart has been confirmed as a typical effective model to widely disseminate the research achievements and science applications to bring scientific and technological advancements into production and life to develop the rual socio-economy; create opportunities for farmers to gain an access to the types of machinery and equipment in agricultural production and rural life; raise the public awareness of science and technology; particularly offer farmers chances to have direct exchanges concerning a lot of issues regarding livestock, cultivation, and so on with experts, scientists, and managers.

+ The science and technology programs to assist businesses improve their competitiveness, to apply an advanced management system, and to protect intellectual property in Dong Nai province in the 2011-2015 period (inheriting from the productivity and quality development project in the 2006-2015 period).

In the context of international integration with the countries in the region and in the world, every organization and every enterprise needs to develop the appropriate policies on the basis of absorbing the achievements of science and technology for the innovation of its management activities. Particularly, the advanced management system according to international standards is one of the solutions chosen by the units of interest to further improve the management ability in many aspects of their units’ operations to meet the actual demand and the trend of competitiveness of globalization today.

The resolution of the 8th Party Central Executive Committee (7th term) in January, 1995 made administrative reform an important content, which is the focus of the process of continuing building and strengthening the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Since then, the administrative reform program in 2001-2010 period has aimed at building a democratic administration that is strong and clean, professional, and modernized, and operates effectively in the principle of the legal State of socialism under the leadership of the Party, and meets the requirements for the country’s construction and development. Simultaneously, the first Vietnam Quality Conference in 1995 to deploy the first decade of quality considered the innovation in the provision of the public services and the improvement of businesses’ goods and product quality as essential. Therefore, the provincial Party Committee and People's Committee adopt a policy to assist and encourage the State’s administrative agencies and businesses to start the application of advanced management systems. This policy has become one of Dong Nai’s programs of socio-economic development and national security and DOST is assigned to get organizations and businesses in the province to carry out it.

Since 1998, assisting with the building and application of an advanced management system in the province has aimed at updating how the public services are supplied among the State’s administrative agencies and improving businesses’ competitiveness. Over 15 years of having been a companion of  the province’s organizations and businesses, the process of assisting organizations and businesses with the building and application of the advanced management systems could be split in the three phases with the three particular programs as follows:

Phase 1 (1998-2005): This was considered as a period to create a breakthrough that was called “The program to assist businesses and organizations establish and apply the quality management system passed by the Dong Nai Provincial Economic Cooperation Committee.

To sum up the program, DOST assisted 27 businesses and 9 administrative units of Dong Nai province to develop and apply the quality management system according to ISO-9001 Vietnamese standard. Particularly, DOST has become the first administrative agency in the country to apply the quality management system according to the online ISO-9001 Vietnamese standard.

Phase 2 (2006-2010): thanks to the achievements in Phase 1, DOST continued to be assigned to implement the assistance program that was called “The assistance program to develop and apply the advanced management systems for the organizations and businesses in the province of Dong Nai”.

To sum up the program, DOST assisted 21 administrative agencies of the State to develop and apply the public administration ISO; 1 state administrative management agency to develop and apply the ISO/IEC 27000 information security management system; 1 administrative unit to develop and apply the quality management system according to ISO-9001 standard; 1 administrative unit to develop and apply the ISO-14000 environmental management system; and 11 businesses to develop and apply such advanced management systems as the ISO-22000 food safety management system, the ISO-14000 environmental management system, the ISO-9001:2008 quality management system, and the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP).

Phase 3 (2011-2015): on the basis of continuing to inherit and evaluate the implementation of the assistance programs for the state administrative agencies and businesses in Phase 2, DOST will keep performing its assistance tasks:

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- For the State administrative agencies: concerning assisting with the development and application of the (ISO 9001:2008) public administration ISO, 59 State administrative management agencies were assisted to develop and apply the public administration ISO (including 45 agencies that follow the frame model of the Ministry of Science and Technology and 14 others outside the frame model).

It is expected that in addition to the preliminary assessment and summation of the program, DOST will continue to establish the criteria to evaluate the effectiveness of applying the ISO-9001 Vietnamese standard in the State administrative management agencies according to the requirements for  the State administrative control over the State’s administrative machinery and over the province of Dong Nai to make the application of the public administration ISO a really effective tool to implement the administrative reform rather than a “permit” in the eyes of a lot of people.

- For businesses: Assisting the units based on the Prime Minister’s Decision no. 712/QD-TTg dated May 21, 2010 concerning the approval of the national program of “Improving productivity and Vietnam’s goods and product quality until 2020” and Dong Nai Provincial People’s Council’s Resolution no. 188/2010/NQ-HDND dated December 9, 2010 concerning the 5-year socio- economic and national defense and security targets and tasks from 2011 to 2015 through “the program of science and technology to assist businesses to improve competitiveness, apply the advanced quality management system, and protect intellectual property in the process of integration in the period of 2011 - 2015 (replacing Dong Nai’s quality and productivity development in the period of 2006 - 2015 in phase 2).

According to the statistics, up to now the Department of Science and Technology has assisted 32 businesses to develop and apply such advanced management systems as VietGap, ISO 9001, and ISO 14000.

It is affirmed that thanks to the assistance from the programs of applying advanced quality management systems to the State administrative agencies and businesses since 1998, a number of results have been brought out:

First, besides assisting the state administrative agencies to improve their management methods and change how the public services are supplied it helps the leaders of the unit to fully grasp all its activities; determine the roles and responsibilities of every official, civil servant, and division towards each type of work through the identification of the work progress and the particular steps to carry out the tasks;

- Reducing the traveling of organizations and citizens in the process of performing administrative procedures;

- Exploiting the effectiveness of the IT application to the development and application of the public administrative ISO to management and administration;

- Arranging and controlling all the documents neatly and tightly to prevent losses and reducing the time to search for documents if necessary.

Second, besides assisting businesses to improve their competitiveness through the enhancement and preservation of their productivity stability and productivity, goods and product quality, applying the advanced quality management tools increases the consumers’ confidence towards businesses’ products and reputation;

- Raising the staff’s service spirit and attitude and assisting them to be more confident in their work;

- Reducing the unnecessary costs, saving materials and always improving the techniques and creativity, and the awareness of protecting the environment.

The achievements of the program are the activities of science and technology that make practical contributions to the local socio-economic development as well as perform the campaign of “Vietnamese people give a priority to using Vietnamese goods” and aim at making Dong Nai a primary industrialized and modernized province by 2015./.

+ Developing the contests related to the activities of science and technology.

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Masses’ movement to take part in scientific and technological activities is a major campaign that attracts the attention of the Party and the State and whose development is encouraged. Accordingly, Dong Nai Department of Science and Technology throughout periods has continued to lead and implement the contests and movements related to the activities of science and technology for more than 10 years to aim at gathering more and more people from all walks of life and intellectuals, and to promote the initiatives and creativity to put forward more technical solutions that are possible to be applied to the reality in production and life. Since 2003, DOST has successfully organized 10 movements and contests in various fields related to the activities of science and technology.

“Dong Nai Technology Creation Contest” has been held since 1990s. The contest has continuously been strengthened since then. Especially, the contest has been consecutively held over the past 10 years. A lot of creative talents and new technical solutions have been found. Results show that up to now 314 technical solutions have participated in the contests, including 205 solutions that won prizes. Most of the solutions are sought from the reality in labor, production, and learning and many of these solutions have been applied and disseminated to bring out the great economic benefits for the society.

- In addition to the “Technology Creation Contest”, the “Innovation and creation promotion program in labor and learning” has been carried out since 2001. The program has been implemented widely to initiate and call for classes of people, officials, public servants, and the staff in agencies, committees, sectors, organizations, unions, and associations to attempt to work, promote the initiatives and creativity to seek for the technical solutions for improving productivity, work quality, professional levels, technical initiatives and improvements for production and life, works of culture and arts that are rich in humanity and possess a high educational value, especially for the younger generation to partly contribute to the building of the “People unite to create a cultural life” movement. As a result, 2,062 solutions and works including 319 solutions that won prizes have participated in contests.

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- In addition, DOST has developed other contests such as “Leaders of wards and communes good at information technology”; “Propaganda and education officials good at information technology”; “Women good at information technology”; “Women good at applying information technology”; “Businesses good at applying information technology”; “Dong Nai science & technology and information communications product awards”; and “Test your knowledge of Dong Nai’s historical and cultural value”.

In terms of the figures of contests, DOST might be said to be the unit with the biggest number of contests and of organization times concerning the activities of science and technology in comparison with the other Departments of Science and Technology in the country. Especially, these movements and contests are to produce powerful effects, and stimulate and make scientific and technological activities more positive.

6. The honorary awards of the Party and the State and the prestigious awards from the agencies and organizations from home and abroad.

 

Thanks to the leadership of the provincial Party Committee and People's Committee, and of the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the close coordination and support among sectors, businesses, science and technology organizations, experts, and scientists, especially the non-stop efforts of DOST’s officials and civil servants, DOST has continually completed its tasks to receive a lot of noble awards from the Party and the State:

- The Third Class Labor Medal in 1985;

- The Second Class Labor Medal in 2000;

- The First Class Labor Medal in 2007;

- The Third Class Independence Medal in 2011;

- The government’s emulation flags in 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011, 2012, 2013 & 2014.

- The Ministry of Science and Technology’s outstanding emulation flags in 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 & 2104.

- The Ministry of Science and Technology’s certificates of merit and a lot of achievements;

- DOST has been awarded Dong Nai provincial People’s Committee’s emulation flags for many consecutive years.

 

In 10 recent years, DOST has kept developing its information technology products to obtain a lot of valuable prizes from home and abroad, and not long ago a lot of agricultural a products with the application of biotechnology grew in both quantity and quality.

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 II. Future orientation.

1. Striving to make Dong Nai a province with an advanced level of science and technology compared to the region’s general level; gradually forming and developing a basic knowledge-based economy, which is capable of grasping the advanced technologies in the major areas of the economy with high growth quality, productivity, efficiency and high competitiveness and becoming a direct force for an industrialized and modernized province.

 

2. Promoting the investment in developing science and technology potential towards a focus on applied research in 3 priority areas: agricultural and rural development; implementation of administrative reform and training for science and technology human resources development; continuing to determine the 3 spearheading areas of activity: IT development, biotech development for agriculture, farmers and rural areas, and training to attract and develop science and technology human resources, which is a main driving force for sustainable science and technology development to positively contribute to promoting the province’s industrialization and modernization to deserve a province in the country’s southern key economic zone.

 

3. Developing scientific grounds for socio-economic development and administrative procedure reform; promoting research into on renewal of science and technology policies and mechanisms for development in both width and depth and socialization to attract investment resources into scientific and technological development.

 

With the above-mentioned targets and orientations, Dong Nai Department of Science and Technology will attempt to fly the science and technology aircraft of Dong Nai province and own a part of the sky of Vietnam’s science and technology” by 2020./.


 

 



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